Take your thinking from Step 2 about inequalities between groups of women and men in terms of their resources and their access to various resources (work, money, power, security, education, mobility, time, health and wellbeing).
Consider your thinking against the policy options you’re identifying, working your thinking into any criteria you’re developing to assess policy options if possible. There are always trade-offs in making a decision about which option to recommend: gender analysis assists in ensuring all issues have been considered, and all impacts identified. Long-term versus short-term objectives need to be considered in your options, as well as social and economic benefits and fiscal impacts.
Keep in mind that the goals and outcomes of your policy program or project can either perpetuate, or overcome, existing inequalities between groups of men and women. Will the proposed policy reinforce existing gendered roles and pressures? For example, will compliance likely fall more heavily on women (e.g. relying on the expectation that women will ‘naturally’ take on traditionally feminine roles such as caring for elderly parents and children)?
An important issue in analysing options is whether to analyse impacts on the basis of families or individuals. Analysis based on a family unit or whānau is important because it recognises that women, men and children live in inter-dependent relationships. It can also obscure gender differences and can lead to assumptions about equity within that family unit. For example, it may assume distribution of income within the family unit, which may in fact not occur. So it may be necessary to look at the issues from both perspectives (noting that there are still many gaps in data at the family or whānau level compared to data on individuals and households).
Make some notes around your answer to this question