Industry

In the Retail Trade and Accommodation industry, men have median hourly earnings of $21.50, and women have median hourly earnings of $20.00. The gender pay gap within this industry is 7.0 percent.

Industry

Men's and Women's hourly earnings by industry, and gender pay gaps by industry.
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Manufacturing Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services Construction Wholesale Trade Retail Trade and Accommodation Transport, Postal and Warehousing Information, Media and Telecommunications Financial and Insurance Services Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services Professional and Administrative Services Public Administration and Safety Education and Training Health Art, Recreation and Other Services
Men 24.93 28.00 33.56 27.66 26.85 21.50 27.47 33.56 47.35 31.23 38.36 34.1 32.50 33.16 27.33
Women 23.02 24.00 30.00 27.00 26.15 20 25.22 29.74 35.0 25.59 28.77 31.65 28.53 26.83 23.44
Industry GPG 0.0766145 0.1428571 0.1060787 0.0238612 0.0260708 0.0697674 0.0819075 0.113826 0.2608237 0.1834774 0.25 0.0718475 0.1221538 0.1908926 0.1423344
Women's workforce by industry
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Manufacturing Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services Construction Wholesale Trade Retail Trade and Accommodation Transport, Postal and Warehousing Information, Media and Telecommunications Financial and Insurance Services Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services Professional and Administrative Services Public Administration and Safety Education and Training Health Art, Recreation and Other Services
0.0239 0.0646 0.0078 0.0226 0.0306 0.1704 0.0279 0.0116 0.0399 0.0142 0.1069 0.0815 0.1323 0.2054 0.0523

Women’s work tends to be concentrated in certain industries. Over half of all working women are in three top industries: Health, Retail Trade and Accommodation, and Education and Training. Women also make up most of the workers in industries such Public Administration and Safety, and Financial Services.

Men’s work is less concentrated in specific industries. Around 40 percent of men work in men’s top three industries of Construction, Manufacturing, and Retail Trade and Accommodation. The gender pay gaps within industries aren’t necessarily smaller when most of the workers in that industry are women. In fact, the majority of these industries have a gender pay gap greater than the national GPG (currently 9.5%).

Women working in most higher-paying industries have a lower (or even negative) gender pay gap compared with all men – but it is in these same higher-paid sectors where women are experiencing some of the highest gender pay gaps within the industry itself, for example in Financial Services where the gap is 26 percent.

Recent studies of male-dominated industries (industries where women make up 25 percent or less of the workforce) show that these industries are generally higher-paid than female-dominated ones. Women working in these industries face additional challenges such as higher levels of stress, pervasive stereotypes and societal expectations. Women lack mentoring and career development opportunities in some of these industries, and may experience higher levels of sexual harassment.

You can read some discussion of pay gaps by industry here.

Find out how we can close the gender pay gap in New Zealand...