This academic research paper advances the theory that women's low participation in management is the result of biased leadership assessment criteria within organisations. Assessment criteria are defined by existing management, who are predominantly male. Cited and original research from the United Kingdom is discussed, which finds that male and female perceptions of ideal leadership qualities differ significantly and are sometimes opposed, with women seeming to favour a transformational leadership style, and men favouring transactional leadership.
Gender in Management: An International Journal, 25 (8)
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